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鳥類学 > ja data from Internet  , 鳥類學 > zh data from Internet  , 조류학 > ko data from Internet  , Ορνιθολογία > el data from Internet  , Орнитология > ru data from Internet  , Ornitologio > eo data from Internet  , Ornitologi > in data from Internet  , Ornitologi > sv data from Internet  , Ornitologia > pt data from Internet  , Ornitologia > pl data from Internet  , Ornitologia > ca data from Internet  , Ornitologia > eu data from Internet  , Ornitologia > it data from Internet  , Éaneolaíocht > ga data from Internet  , Ornithologie > de data from Internet  , Ornithologie > fr data from Internet  , Ornithologie > nl data from Internet  , Ornithology > en data from Internet  , Ornitologie > cs data from Internet  , علم الطيور > ar data from Internet  , Ornitología > es data from Internet  , Орнітологія > uk data from Internet  , L'ornitologia è una branca della zoologia che si occupa di studiare la classe degli uccelli (Aves). > it data from Internet  , Η ορνιθολογία είναι ο κλάδος της ζωολογίας που ασχολείται με τα πουλιά, έναν από τους πιο πλούσιους σχηματισμούς τάξεων σπονδυλωτών με δέκα χιλιάδες είδη. Στην ορνιθολογία ανήκει η φυσιολογία, η ταξινόμηση, η οικολογία και η έρευνα σχετικά με τη συμπεριφορά (συμπεριλαμβανομένων των φωνών και της μεταναστευτικής συμπεριφοράς) των πτηνών. Στην ορνιθολογία, εκτός από επιστήμονες πλήρους απασχόλησης, υπάρχουν επίσης πολλοί ερασιτέχνες ορνιθολόγοι που έχουν συμβάλει και εξακολουθούν να συμβάλλουν σημαντικά στην κατανόηση της βιολογίας μεμονωμένων ειδών, ομάδων ειδών ή περιφερειακής πανίδας. > el data from Internet  , Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the "methodological study and consequent knowledge of birds with all that relates to them." Several aspects of ornithology differ from related disciplines, due partly to the high visibility and the aesthetic appeal of birds. It has also been an area with a large contribution made by amateurs in terms of time, resources, and financial support. Studies on birds have helped develop key concepts in biology including evolution, behaviour and ecology such as the definition of species, the process of speciation, instinct, learning, ecological niches, guilds, island biogeography, phylogeography, and conservation. > en data from Internet  , 鳥類学(ちょうるいがく、英語: ornithology)とは、鳥類に関する科学的な研究を目的とする動物学の一部門である。英語のornithologyの語源は、ギリシャ語のornis = 鳥とlogos = 学問の合成語である。 > ja data from Internet  , Ornitologie (z řeckých slov ornis – pták a logos – věda) je zoologická věda zabývající se studiem ptáků a jejich životem. > cs data from Internet  , Ornitologi (grekiskans ornis, "fågel" och logos, "ord/vetenskap") är ett fält inom zoologin som omfattar det vetenskapliga studiet av fåglar. Flera aspekter av ornitologin skiljer sig från andra närliggande discipliner, kanske främst på grund av sin visuella och estetiska karaktär. Detta har resulterat i att ovanligt många amatörer ägnar sig åt fältstudier inom en vetenskaplig kontext. Resultat från sådana studier kan senare användas för vidare forskning. Termen ornitologi används för ett brett spektrum av företeelser som alla syftar att på ett eller annat sätt studera fåglar. > sv data from Internet  , Ornitologi (dari Bahasa Yunani: ορνισ, ornis, "burung"; dan λόγος, logos, "ilmu") adalah cabang zoologi yang mempelajari burung. Beberapa aspek ornitologi berbeda dengan yang berhubungan erat dengan kedisiplinan, yang berkaitan dengan kemampuan penglihatan yang tinggi dan pendekatan burung-burung dengan estetis. Kebanyakan keputusan di antara itu menjadi tingkat lapangan pembelajaran yang dikerjakan oleh sukarelawan amatir yang bekerja dalam parameter metodologi ilmiah. > in data from Internet  , La ornitología (del griego «ὄρνις - ὄρνιθος», «ornis - ornithos», «pájaro» y λόγος «logos», «estudio o ciencia») es la rama de la zoología que se dedica al estudio de las aves. Numerosos aspectos de la ornitología difieren de las disciplinas relacionadas, debido en parte al alto avistamiento y el atractivo estético de las aves.​ Una de las diferencias más notables es la importancia y cantidad de estudios llevados a cabo por aficionados que trabajan dentro de los parámetros de la metodología científica. > es data from Internet  , L'ornithologie (du grec ancien ορνις [ornis], « oiseau » et λόγος [logos], « connaissance ») est la branche de la zoologie qui a pour objet l'étude des oiseaux. Il s'agit d'une des rares sciences encore pratiquées par une large majorité d'amateurs. En effet, l'observation des oiseaux et la collecte d'informations relève toujours d'une technique simple et ne demande guère de matériel. Les ornithologues officiels sont d'ailleurs très peu nombreux dans la majorité des pays et s'appuient donc sur des réseaux d'observateurs amateurs, qui sont parfois très étoffés (deux millions de Britanniques adhèrent à la Royal Society for the Protection of Birds). > fr data from Internet  , Ornitologia (grezierazko "ὄρνις - ὄρνιθος", "ornis - ornithos", "hegazti" eta λόγος "logos" "zientzia" hitzen lotunea) hegaztiez arduratzen den zoologiaren adarra da. Zoologiaren beste adarrak ez bezala eta, batez ere, hegaztien ikusgarritasuna dela eta, oso zientzia landua da. Egoera hau metodologia zientifikoa erabiltzen duten afizionatuen lanaren ondorioa da. > eu data from Internet  , علم الطيور (بالإنجليزية: Ornithology)‏ وهي من اليونانية اورنثولوجيا، تعني اورنث: طيور و لوكوس :علم و هي فرع من علم الحيوان يتناول دراسة الطيور. > ar data from Internet  , 조류학(鳥類學, ornithology)은 새의 연구와 관련된 짐승학의 한 갈래이다. 조류학의 영어 낱말 ornithology는 새라는 뜻의 ornis와 앎(지식)이라는 뜻의 logos를 합친 말이다. 조류학은 오랜 역사를 가지고 있으며 종, (Speciation), 본능, 학습, , , , 과 같은 진화, 행동, 생태 환경 속 주요 개념의 도입을 돕는다. 초기의 조류학은 원칙적으로 종의 분배와 서술 위주였다면 오늘날의 조류학은 새를 모델로 사용하여 이론에 따라 가설과 예측을 시험함으로써 특정한 질문에 답하고 있다. 광범위한 도구와 기술이 조류학에 쓰이며 기술 혁신 또한 꾸준하다. > ko data from Internet  , Ornitologia é o ramo da zoologia que se dedica ao estudo das aves a partir de sua distribuição na superfície do globo, das condições e peculiaridades de seu meio, costumes e modo de vida, de sua organização e dos caracteres que as distinguem umas das outras, para classificá-las em espécies, gêneros e famílias. No século XIX, os especialistas concentraram-se na anatomia interna, por sua aplicação à taxonomia. No decorrer do século XX, o estudo anatômico cedeu lugar ao crescente interesse por critérios ecológicos e etológicos. > pt data from Internet  , Ornitologio aŭ birdoscienco estas la fako de zoologio kiu temas pri birdoj. Persono kiu studas ornitologion estas ornitologo aŭ birdisto. > eo data from Internet  , Орнітоло́гія (грец. ὄρνιθος — птах і λόγος — наука) — наука про птахів, один з розділів зоології. Вивчає птахів, їхню ембріологію, морфологію, фізіологію, екологію, систематику і географічне розповсюдження. Авіаційна орнітологія – розділ орнітології, що вивчає птахів, які становлять небезпеку для польотів повітряних суден. > uk data from Internet  , Орнитоло́гия (от др.-греч. ὄρνις, родит. п. ὄρνιθος — птица и λόγος — учение, слово) — раздел зоологии позвоночных, изучающий птиц, их эмбриологию, морфологию, физиологию, экологию, систематику и географическое распространение. Термин «орнитология» введён итальянским натуралистом У. Альдрованди в конце XVI века. > ru data from Internet  , Staidéar ar éin, éabhlóid na ngnéithe, a ndáileadh, a n-imirce, a gcaomhnú, a n-éiceolaíocht, a bhfiseolaíocht, a mbithcheimic, a n-anatamaíocht, a ngéineolaíocht, a ngalair, agus a gceangail le hainmhithe eile. > ga data from Internet  , Ornitologia – dział zoologii zajmujący się ptakami (Aves). Domeną zainteresowania ornitologów jest przede wszystkim biologia ptaków, ale także ich zwyczaje, trasy przelotów, gniazdowanie, życie społeczne, obserwacja w terenie itp. Obserwowanie ich bytu umożliwia m.in. obrączkowanie ptaków. Ornitologia to także zbiór wiadomości i informacji na tematy związane z ptakami, ich lęgowiskami oraz upierzeniem itp. > pl data from Internet  , L'ornitologia (del grec "ὄρνις - ὄρνιθος", "ornis - ornithos", 'ocell' i λόγος "logos", 'estudi o ciència') és la branca de la zoologia dedicada a l'estudi científic dels ocells. Nombrosos aspectes de l'ornitologia difereixen d'altres disciplines semblants, a causa en part de l'alta visibilitat i l'atractiu estètic dels ocells. Una de les diferències més notables és la importància i quantitat d'estudis duts a terme per aficionats que treballen dins dels paràmetres de la metodologia científica. > ca data from Internet  , 鳥類學(英語:Ornithology,源自希臘文ορνισ與λόγος,意指「鳥類知識」)是動物學中一個研究鳥類的分支學門。 人類很早就對鳥類感到興趣,在石器時代壁畫上已可見一些關於鳥類的描繪。此外,鳥類可能也是早期人類的食物之一,在一些考古挖掘中,已發現了大約80個鳥類物種遺骸。在早期古文明中,也有一些關於鳥類的研究。例如古希臘的亞里斯多德曾在其著作Historia Animalium中,記載一些關於鳥類遷徙或其他行為的紀錄。 到了17世紀與18世紀,才出現系統性的鳥類分類方法。早期的研究者多是法國人。19世紀之後,鳥類研究更加科學化,到了20世紀,關於鳥類的研究逐漸擴展到了動物行為學等領域。分子生物學出現之後,則開始有許多以分子演化為基礎所進行的分類。 > zh data from Internet  , Die Ornithologie (altgriechisch ὄρνῑθ- órnῑth-, Stamm von ὄρνις órnis ‚Vogel‘, und λόγος lógos ‚Lehre‘) oder Vogelkunde ist jener Zweig der Zoologie, der sich mit den Vögeln (Aves) befasst, die mit rund zehntausend Arten eine der artenreichsten Klassen der Wirbeltiere bilden. Zur Ornithologie gehören unter anderem die Physiologie, die Taxonomie, die Ökologie und die Erforschung des Verhaltens (inklusive der Rufe und des Wanderverhaltens) der Vögel. Ein besonderes Arbeitsgebiet ist die Untersuchung des Vogelzuges, zum Beispiel mithilfe der Beringung. Die Geschichte der wissenschaftlichen Ornithologie ist zumindest im 20. Jahrhundert in Deutschland eng mit dem Vogelschutz beziehungsweise Naturschutz verbunden. > de data from Internet  , De ornithologie of vogelkunde (uit het Oudgrieks: ὄρνις, gen. ὄρνιθος, ornis, gen. ornithos, "vogel"; en λόγος, logos, "kennis") is een specialisatie van de universitaire studie zoölogie die zich inlaat met de bestudering van vogels. Het omvat de classificatie van soorten en observatie van gedrag, trek, zang en vliegwijze. Om onder andere meer te weten te komen over het trekgedrag en leeftijd worden vogels geringd. Een ornitholoog is een beoefenaar van de ornithologie. Een hobby-ornitholoog is een vogelaar. > nl data from Internet  , Ornitologio# Back-Link Neighborhood: 
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paths of length <= 2 sorted in chronological order - data from Internet  , 7246 data from Internet  , L'ornitologia è una branca della zoologia che si occupa di studiare la classe degli uccelli (Aves). > it data from Internet  , Η ορνιθολογία είναι ο κλάδος της ζωολογίας που ασχολείται με τα πουλιά, έναν από τους πιο πλούσιους σχηματισμούς τάξεων σπονδυλωτών με δέκα χιλιάδες είδη. Στην ορνιθολογία ανήκει η φυσιολογία, η ταξινόμηση, η οικολογία και η έρευνα σχετικά με τη συμπεριφορά (συμπεριλαμβανομένων των φωνών και της μεταναστευτικής συμπεριφοράς) των πτηνών. Στην ορνιθολογία, εκτός από επιστήμονες πλήρους απασχόλησης, υπάρχουν επίσης πολλοί ερασιτέχνες ορνιθολόγοι που έχουν συμβάλει και εξακολουθούν να συμβάλλουν σημαντικά στην κατανόηση της βιολογίας μεμονωμένων ειδών, ομάδων ειδών ή περιφερειακής πανίδας. > el data from Internet  , Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the "methodological study and consequent knowledge of birds with all that relates to them." Several aspects of ornithology differ from related disciplines, due partly to the high visibility and the aesthetic appeal of birds. It has also been an area with a large contribution made by amateurs in terms of time, resources, and financial support. Studies on birds have helped develop key concepts in biology including evolution, behaviour and ecology such as the definition of species, the process of speciation, instinct, learning, ecological niches, guilds, island biogeography, phylogeography, and conservation. While early ornithology was principally concerned with descriptions and distributions of species, ornithologists today seek answers to very specific questions, often using birds as models to test hypotheses or predictions based on theories. Most modern biological theories apply across life forms, and the number of scientists who identify themselves as "ornithologists" has therefore declined. A wide range of tools and techniques are used in ornithology, both inside the laboratory and out in the field, and innovations are constantly made. Most biologists who recognise themselves as “Ornithologists” study specific categories, such as Anatomy, Taxonomy, or Ecology lifestyles and behaviours. Though this can be applied to the range of all biological practises > en data from Internet  , Ornitologia é o ramo da zoologia que se dedica ao estudo das aves a partir de sua distribuição na superfície do globo, das condições e peculiaridades de seu meio, costumes e modo de vida, de sua organização e dos caracteres que as distinguem umas das outras, para classificá-las em espécies, gêneros e famílias. A ornitologia é uma das poucas ciências beneficiadas por importantes contribuições de amadores. Embora muitas informações provenham de observação direta, algumas áreas da ornitologia tiram proveito de técnicas e instrumentos modernos como (PT: anilhagem de aves), radar e radiotelemetria. No Ocidente, Aristóteles foi um dos primeiros a escrever sobre as aves em sua obra Sobre a história dos animais, continuada em Roma, mais de três séculos depois, por Plínio, o Velho. Várias obras da Idade Média e do início da era moderna registram observações pessoais relevantes, como A arte de caçar com aves, escrita pelo imperador alemão Frederico II no século XIII, ou a Histoire de la nature des oiseaux (1555; História da natureza das aves), do naturalista francês Pierre Belon. O marco inicial do estudo científico das aves é o trabalho do naturalista inglês Francis Willughby, continuado por seu colega John Ray, que publicou The Ornithology of F. Willughby (1678; A ornitologia de F. Willyghby), em que aparece a primeira tentativa metódica de classificação das aves, baseada essencialmente nos caracteres de forma e de função. Aplicaram-se à ornitologia, como aos demais ramos das ciências naturais, os métodos do naturalista sueco Lineu, cuja classificação sistemática, ou taxonomia, foi adotada como ponto de partida para todas as questões relativas à nomenclatura binária das espécies do mundo vivo, seguida com absoluta consistência pelos ornitólogos. Em consequência dos grandes descobrimentos marítimos do século XVI, um número crescente de aves inteiramente desconhecidas pelos europeus ficou sem classificação, o que se tornou um problema para a ornitologia. Os pesquisadores passaram a estudá-las por meio de exemplares conservados em seus gabinetes, origem dos primeiros museus. Entre essas coleções particulares, figurava a do físico francês René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, a quem se deve a técnica de conservação dos exemplares a seco (taxidermia), em que se baseiam os estudos taxionômicos. No século XIX, os especialistas concentraram-se na anatomia interna, por sua aplicação à taxonomia. No decorrer do século XX, o estudo anatômico cedeu lugar ao crescente interesse por critérios ecológicos e etológicos. > pt data from Internet  , 鳥類學(英語:Ornithology,源自希臘文ορνισ與λόγος,意指「鳥類知識」)是動物學中一個研究鳥類的分支學門。 人類很早就對鳥類感到興趣,在石器時代壁畫上已可見一些關於鳥類的描繪。此外,鳥類可能也是早期人類的食物之一,在一些考古挖掘中,已發現了大約80個鳥類物種遺骸。在早期古文明中,也有一些關於鳥類的研究。例如古希臘的亞里斯多德曾在其著作Historia Animalium中,記載一些關於鳥類遷徙或其他行為的紀錄。 到了17世紀與18世紀,才出現系統性的鳥類分類方法。早期的研究者多是法國人。19世紀之後,鳥類研究更加科學化,到了20世紀,關於鳥類的研究逐漸擴展到了動物行為學等領域。分子生物學出現之後,則開始有許多以分子演化為基礎所進行的分類。 > zh data from Internet  , Ornitologie (z řeckých slov ornis – pták a logos – věda) je zoologická věda zabývající se studiem ptáků a jejich životem. > cs data from Internet  , Ornitologi (grekiskans ornis, "fågel" och logos, "ord/vetenskap") är ett fält inom zoologin som omfattar det vetenskapliga studiet av fåglar. Flera aspekter av ornitologin skiljer sig från andra närliggande discipliner, kanske främst på grund av sin visuella och estetiska karaktär. Detta har resulterat i att ovanligt många amatörer ägnar sig åt fältstudier inom en vetenskaplig kontext. Resultat från sådana studier kan senare användas för vidare forskning. Termen ornitologi används för ett brett spektrum av företeelser som alla syftar att på ett eller annat sätt studera fåglar. > sv data from Internet  , Ornitologia (grezierazko "ὄρνις - ὄρνιθος", "ornis - ornithos", "hegazti" eta λόγος "logos" "zientzia" hitzen lotunea) hegaztiez arduratzen den zoologiaren adarra da. Zoologiaren beste adarrak ez bezala eta, batez ere, hegaztien ikusgarritasuna dela eta, oso zientzia landua da. Egoera hau metodologia zientifikoa erabiltzen duten afizionatuen lanaren ondorioa da. Oso zientzia zaharra da eta, berari esker, eboluzio, portaera eta ekologiaren hainbat kontzeptu nabarmen ulertu ditugu, adibidez: espeziazio prozedurak, sena, ikaskuntza, txoko ekologikoa, biogeografia; edo . Ornitologoek tresna eta teknika asko erabiltzen dituztenez, egun berrikuntza ugari jasaten dituen zientzia da. Elkarte ugari dago munduan barrena ornitologia landu eta hegaztiak babesteko helburua dutenak. Euskal Herrian Itsas Enara Ornitologia Elkartea, Aranzadi Zientzia Elkartea, , , eta dira nagusiak. Mundu mailan bada elkarteen federazio handi bat, BirdLife International. > eu data from Internet  , 조류학(鳥類學, ornithology)은 새의 연구와 관련된 짐승학의 한 갈래이다. 조류학의 영어 낱말 ornithology는 새라는 뜻의 ornis와 앎(지식)이라는 뜻의 logos를 합친 말이다. 조류학은 오랜 역사를 가지고 있으며 종, (Speciation), 본능, 학습, , , , 과 같은 진화, 행동, 생태 환경 속 주요 개념의 도입을 돕는다. 초기의 조류학은 원칙적으로 종의 분배와 서술 위주였다면 오늘날의 조류학은 새를 모델로 사용하여 이론에 따라 가설과 예측을 시험함으로써 특정한 질문에 답하고 있다. 광범위한 도구와 기술이 조류학에 쓰이며 기술 혁신 또한 꾸준하다. > ko data from Internet  , Ornitologi (dari Bahasa Yunani: ορνισ, ornis, "burung"; dan λόγος, logos, "ilmu") adalah cabang zoologi yang mempelajari burung. Beberapa aspek ornitologi berbeda dengan yang berhubungan erat dengan kedisiplinan, yang berkaitan dengan kemampuan penglihatan yang tinggi dan pendekatan burung-burung dengan estetis. Kebanyakan keputusan di antara itu menjadi tingkat lapangan pembelajaran yang dikerjakan oleh sukarelawan amatir yang bekerja dalam parameter metodologi ilmiah. Ilmu ilmu burung memiliki sejarah panjang dan studi pada burung telah membantu mengembangkan beberapa konsep kunci dalam evolusi, perilaku dan ekologi seperti definisi spesies, proses spesiasi, naluri, belajar, ekologis, , , filogeografi dan . Kontribusi Ornitologi untuk Sementara ilmu burung awal pada prinsipnya berhubungan dengan deskripsi dan distribusi spesies, ornitolog saat ini mencari jawaban atas pertanyaan yang sangat spesifik, sering menggunakan burung sebagai model untuk menguji hipotesis atau prediksi berdasarkan teori. Teori biologis Paling modern berlaku di seluruh kelompok taksonomi dan sejumlah ilmuwan profesional yang mengidentifikasi diri mereka sebagai "Ahli Ornitologi" Oleh karena itu telah menurun. Berbagai alat dan teknik yang digunakan dalam ilmu burung, baik di dalam laboratorium dan keluar di lapangan, dan inovasi terus dilakukan > in data from Internet  , L'ornitologia (del grec "ὄρνις - ὄρνιθος", "ornis - ornithos", 'ocell' i λόγος "logos", 'estudi o ciència') és la branca de la zoologia dedicada a l'estudi científic dels ocells. Nombrosos aspectes de l'ornitologia difereixen d'altres disciplines semblants, a causa en part de l'alta visibilitat i l'atractiu estètic dels ocells. Una de les diferències més notables és la importància i quantitat d'estudis duts a terme per aficionats que treballen dins dels paràmetres de la metodologia científica. La ciència de l'ornitologia té una llarga història, i l'estudi dels ocells ha ajudat a desenvolupar molts conceptes clau en evolució, comportament i ecologia, com els d'espècie, processos d'especiació, instint, aprenentatge, nínxol ecològic, biogeografia insular, filogeografia i conservació. Mentre que en els seus inicis l'ornitologia s'ocupava principalment de la descripció i distribució de les espècies, els ornitòlegs d'avui dia cerquen respostes a qüestions molt específiques, sovint utilitzant els ocells com a models per provar hipòtesis o prediccions basades en les seves teories. La major part de les teories biològiques modernes s'apliquen indiferentment entre els diversos grups taxonòmics, i per tant el nombre de científics professionals que s'identifiquen a si mateixos com a ornitòlegs s'ha reduït. El ventall d'eines i tècniques que s'usen en ornitologia és molt ampli, i constantment se'n realitzen innovacions. > ca data from Internet  , Ornitologio aŭ birdoscienco estas la fako de zoologio kiu temas pri birdoj. Persono kiu studas ornitologion estas ornitologo aŭ birdisto. > eo data from Internet  , Орнітоло́гія (грец. ὄρνιθος — птах і λόγος — наука) — наука про птахів, один з розділів зоології. Вивчає птахів, їхню ембріологію, морфологію, фізіологію, екологію, систематику і географічне розповсюдження. Авіаційна орнітологія – розділ орнітології, що вивчає птахів, які становлять небезпеку для польотів повітряних суден. > uk data from Internet  , Орнитоло́гия (от др.-греч. ὄρνις, родит. п. ὄρνιθος — птица и λόγος — учение, слово) — раздел зоологии позвоночных, изучающий птиц, их эмбриологию, морфологию, физиологию, экологию, систематику и географическое распространение. Термин «орнитология» введён итальянским натуралистом У. Альдрованди в конце XVI века. > ru data from Internet  , Staidéar ar éin, éabhlóid na ngnéithe, a ndáileadh, a n-imirce, a gcaomhnú, a n-éiceolaíocht, a bhfiseolaíocht, a mbithcheimic, a n-anatamaíocht, a ngéineolaíocht, a ngalair, agus a gceangail le hainmhithe eile. > ga data from Internet  , La ornitología (del griego «ὄρνις - ὄρνιθος», «ornis - ornithos», «pájaro» y λόγος «logos», «estudio o ciencia») es la rama de la zoología que se dedica al estudio de las aves. Numerosos aspectos de la ornitología difieren de las disciplinas relacionadas, debido en parte al alto avistamiento y el atractivo estético de las aves.​ Una de las diferencias más notables es la importancia y cantidad de estudios llevados a cabo por aficionados que trabajan dentro de los parámetros de la metodología científica. La ciencia de la ornitología tiene una larga historia, y el estudio de las aves ha ayudado a desarrollar numerosos conceptos claves en evolución, comportamiento y ecología, como los de especie; procesos de especiación; instinto; aprendizaje; nicho ecológico; ; filogeografía; y conservación.​ Mientras que en sus comienzos la ornitología se ocupaba principalmente de la descripción y distribución de las especies, los ornitólogos de hoy en día buscan respuestas a cuestiones muy específicas, a menudo usando a las aves como modelos para probar hipótesis o predicciones basadas en teorías. La mayor parte de las teorías biológicas modernas se aplican indiferentemente entre los distintos grupos taxonómicos, y por lo tanto el número de científicos profesionales que se identifican a sí mismos como ornitólogos se ha reducido.​ El abanico de herramientas y técnicas que se usan en la ornitología es muy amplio, y constantemente se realizan innovaciones.​ > es data from Internet  , Ornitologia – dział zoologii zajmujący się ptakami (Aves). Domeną zainteresowania ornitologów jest przede wszystkim biologia ptaków, ale także ich zwyczaje, trasy przelotów, gniazdowanie, życie społeczne, obserwacja w terenie itp. Obserwowanie ich bytu umożliwia m.in. obrączkowanie ptaków. Ornitologia to także zbiór wiadomości i informacji na tematy związane z ptakami, ich lęgowiskami oraz upierzeniem itp. > pl data from Internet  , L'ornithologie (du grec ancien ορνις [ornis], « oiseau » et λόγος [logos], « connaissance ») est la branche de la zoologie qui a pour objet l'étude des oiseaux. Il s'agit d'une des rares sciences encore pratiquées par une large majorité d'amateurs. En effet, l'observation des oiseaux et la collecte d'informations relève toujours d'une technique simple et ne demande guère de matériel. Les ornithologues officiels sont d'ailleurs très peu nombreux dans la majorité des pays et s'appuient donc sur des réseaux d'observateurs amateurs, qui sont parfois très étoffés (deux millions de Britanniques adhèrent à la Royal Society for the Protection of Birds). L'ornithologie moderne regroupe différentes pratiques, de la simple observation pour le plaisir, pratiquée comme un loisir par des amateurs plus ou moins éclairés, à l'étude scientifique de haut niveau. Dans tous les cas, l'ornithologue s'intéresse exclusivement à des oiseaux sauvages généralement contactés dans leur milieu, sans perturber celui-ci ni le sujet étudié. Ainsi, l'ornithologie considérée comme telle n'est en aucun cas confondue avec les pratiques s'appuyant sur l'élevage et la collection d'individus vivants issus d'espèces domestiquées ou non. Les adeptes non professionnels se nomment souvent « ornithos » en France (calque de l'anglais « birdwatcher » ou « birder »). > fr data from Internet  , 鳥類学(ちょうるいがく、英語: ornithology)とは、鳥類に関する科学的な研究を目的とする動物学の一部門である。英語のornithologyの語源は、ギリシャ語のornis = 鳥とlogos = 学問の合成語である。 > ja data from Internet  , Die Ornithologie (altgriechisch ὄρνῑθ- órnῑth-, Stamm von ὄρνις órnis ‚Vogel‘, und λόγος lógos ‚Lehre‘) oder Vogelkunde ist jener Zweig der Zoologie, der sich mit den Vögeln (Aves) befasst, die mit rund zehntausend Arten eine der artenreichsten Klassen der Wirbeltiere bilden. Zur Ornithologie gehören unter anderem die Physiologie, die Taxonomie, die Ökologie und die Erforschung des Verhaltens (inklusive der Rufe und des Wanderverhaltens) der Vögel. Ein besonderes Arbeitsgebiet ist die Untersuchung des Vogelzuges, zum Beispiel mithilfe der Beringung. Die Geschichte der wissenschaftlichen Ornithologie ist zumindest im 20. Jahrhundert in Deutschland eng mit dem Vogelschutz beziehungsweise Naturschutz verbunden. In der Ornithologie sind neben hauptamtlichen Wissenschaftlern auch zahlreiche Amateurornithologen tätig, die zum Teil wesentliche Beiträge zum Verständnis der Biologie einzelner Arten, Artgruppen oder zu Regionalfaunen geleistet haben und immer noch leisten. > de data from Internet  , علم الطيور (بالإنجليزية: Ornithology)‏ وهي من اليونانية اورنثولوجيا، تعني اورنث: طيور و لوكوس :علم و هي فرع من علم الحيوان يتناول دراسة الطيور. > ar data from Internet  , De ornithologie of vogelkunde (uit het Oudgrieks: ὄρνις, gen. ὄρνιθος, ornis, gen. ornithos, "vogel"; en λόγος, logos, "kennis") is een specialisatie van de universitaire studie zoölogie die zich inlaat met de bestudering van vogels. Het omvat de classificatie van soorten en observatie van gedrag, trek, zang en vliegwijze. Om onder andere meer te weten te komen over het trekgedrag en leeftijd worden vogels geringd. Een ornitholoog is een beoefenaar van de ornithologie. Een hobby-ornitholoog is een vogelaar. De ornithologie heeft een lange geschiedenis en onderzoek aan vogels heeft bijgedragen aan de ontwikkeling van belangrijke concepten binnen de biologie zoals evolutie, het begrip soort, en de relatie tussen geografie en soortvormingsprocessen (eilandbiogeografie), maar ook inzichten over gedragspatronen bij dieren. Verder is onderzoek aan vogels belangrijk bij ecologisch onderzoek en het natuurbeschermingsbeleid.Vroeger ging de ornithologie vooral over het classificeren van vogelsoorten, nu zijn vogels belangrijk voor de bestudering van tal van wetenschappelijke, biologische vragen. Vogels zijn vaak een geschikt studieobject voor het testen van meer algemene biologische theorieën. Hierbij worden tal van onderling sterk verschillende methoden en technieken gebruikt. Daarom zullen veel onderzoekers die feitelijk onderzoek aan vogels doen, zich geen ornitholoog noemen, maar eerder etholoog, moleculair bioloog, morfoloog-anatoom, populatiegeneticus of populatie-ecoloog. > nl data from Internet  , Banding_Marbled_Godwit_on_Bowdoin_NWR_(12820314955).jpg# Image of Banding_Marbled_Godwit_on_Bowdoin_NWR_(12820314955).jpg#: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/Banding_Marbled_Godwit_on_Bowdoin_NWR_(12820314955).jpg?width=300 Back-Link Neighborhood: 
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